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Factors that can impact child custody

On Behalf of | Jan 15, 2024 | Family Law

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Maryland had a divorce rate of 1.6 per 1,000 people in 2021. In a large number of divorces, one of the most important decisions involved child custody.

When it comes to determining child custody arrangements, several factors come into play. Understanding them is helpful for parents navigating the complexities of custody disputes.

Child’s age

The court considers the child’s age and developmental needs. Younger children often require more consistent routines and frequent interaction with both parents for healthy emotional development. As children grow, their needs evolve. The court aims to create arrangements that align with their age-appropriate requirements.

Parental health

The court assesses the ability of each parent to provide a safe and nurturing environment. Any history of substance abuse, domestic violence or mental health issues may significantly impact the court’s decision. Physical health issues may also impact custody arrangements.


Living arrangements, the child’s school location and the community ties they have all can impact custody. The goal is to minimize disruptions. Drastic changes can affect a child’s sense of security and well-being.

Parental cooperation

The willingness and ability of each parent to foster a positive relationship between the child and the other parent weigh heavily in custody decisions. Courts prioritize maintaining strong connections with both parents. They want to promote a healthy co-parenting dynamic that benefits the child emotionally and psychologically.

Financial stability

The financial stability of each parent is a practical consideration. The court assesses the ability to provide for the child’s basic needs, education and extracurricular activities. Financial responsibility is a key aspect of ensuring the child’s overall quality of life.

Child custody decisions use many factors. The court’s ultimate priority is always the child. What works best for parents is secondary. Parents navigating custody matters should be mindful of these factors. They must also put their children first and seek to foster a supportive and stable environment for them.